charge

 

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Function

Draw a protein charge plot

Description

charge reads a protein sequence and writes a file (or plots a graph) of the mean charge of the amino acids within a window of specified length as the window is moved along the sequence.

Algorithm

charge uses the column "charge" from a datafile (Eamino.dat) of amino acid properties. It gives the residues 'D' and 'E' a charge of -1, 'K' and 'R' a charge of +1, and the residue 'H' a charge of +0.5. Then it calculates the mean charge across the window, which by default is 5 residues.

Usage

Here is a sample session with charge


% charge tsw:hbb_human 
Draw a protein charge plot
Output file [hbb_human.charge]: 

Go to the input files for this example
Go to the output files for this example

Command line arguments

Draw a protein charge plot
Version: EMBOSS:6.2.0

   Standard (Mandatory) qualifiers (* if not always prompted):
  [-seqall]            seqall     Protein sequence(s) filename and optional
                                  format, or reference (input USA)
*  -graph              xygraph    [$EMBOSS_GRAPHICS value, or x11] Graph type
                                  (ps, hpgl, hp7470, hp7580, meta, cps, x11,
                                  tek, tekt, none, data, xterm, png, gif)
*  -outfile            outfile    [*.charge] Output file name

   Additional (Optional) qualifiers:
   -window             integer    [5] Window length (Integer 1 or more)

   Advanced (Unprompted) qualifiers:
   -aadata             datafile   [Eamino.dat] Amino acids properties and
                                  molecular weight data file
   -plot               toggle     [N] Produce graphic

   Associated qualifiers:

   "-seqall" associated qualifiers
   -sbegin1            integer    Start of each sequence to be used
   -send1              integer    End of each sequence to be used
   -sreverse1          boolean    Reverse (if DNA)
   -sask1              boolean    Ask for begin/end/reverse
   -snucleotide1       boolean    Sequence is nucleotide
   -sprotein1          boolean    Sequence is protein
   -slower1            boolean    Make lower case
   -supper1            boolean    Make upper case
   -sformat1           string     Input sequence format
   -sdbname1           string     Database name
   -sid1               string     Entryname
   -ufo1               string     UFO features
   -fformat1           string     Features format
   -fopenfile1         string     Features file name

   "-graph" associated qualifiers
   -gprompt            boolean    Graph prompting
   -gdesc              string     Graph description
   -gtitle             string     Graph title
   -gsubtitle          string     Graph subtitle
   -gxtitle            string     Graph x axis title
   -gytitle            string     Graph y axis title
   -goutfile           string     Output file for non interactive displays
   -gdirectory         string     Output directory

   "-outfile" associated qualifiers
   -odirectory         string     Output directory

   General qualifiers:
   -auto               boolean    Turn off prompts
   -stdout             boolean    Write first file to standard output
   -filter             boolean    Read first file from standard input, write
                                  first file to standard output
   -options            boolean    Prompt for standard and additional values
   -debug              boolean    Write debug output to program.dbg
   -verbose            boolean    Report some/full command line options
   -help               boolean    Report command line options and exit. More
                                  information on associated and general
                                  qualifiers can be found with -help -verbose
   -warning            boolean    Report warnings
   -error              boolean    Report errors
   -fatal              boolean    Report fatal errors
   -die                boolean    Report dying program messages
   -version            boolean    Report version number and exit

Qualifier Type Description Allowed values Default
Standard (Mandatory) qualifiers
[-seqall]
(Parameter 1)
seqall Protein sequence(s) filename and optional format, or reference (input USA) Readable sequence(s) Required
-graph xygraph Graph type EMBOSS has a list of known devices, including ps, hpgl, hp7470, hp7580, meta, cps, x11, tek, tekt, none, data, xterm, png, gif EMBOSS_GRAPHICS value, or x11
-outfile outfile Output file name Output file <*>.charge
Additional (Optional) qualifiers
-window integer Window length Integer 1 or more 5
Advanced (Unprompted) qualifiers
-aadata datafile Amino acids properties and molecular weight data file Data file Eamino.dat
-plot toggle Produce graphic Toggle value Yes/No No
Associated qualifiers
"-seqall" associated seqall qualifiers
-sbegin1
-sbegin_seqall
integer Start of each sequence to be used Any integer value 0
-send1
-send_seqall
integer End of each sequence to be used Any integer value 0
-sreverse1
-sreverse_seqall
boolean Reverse (if DNA) Boolean value Yes/No N
-sask1
-sask_seqall
boolean Ask for begin/end/reverse Boolean value Yes/No N
-snucleotide1
-snucleotide_seqall
boolean Sequence is nucleotide Boolean value Yes/No N
-sprotein1
-sprotein_seqall
boolean Sequence is protein Boolean value Yes/No N
-slower1
-slower_seqall
boolean Make lower case Boolean value Yes/No N
-supper1
-supper_seqall
boolean Make upper case Boolean value Yes/No N
-sformat1
-sformat_seqall
string Input sequence format Any string  
-sdbname1
-sdbname_seqall
string Database name Any string  
-sid1
-sid_seqall
string Entryname Any string  
-ufo1
-ufo_seqall
string UFO features Any string  
-fformat1
-fformat_seqall
string Features format Any string  
-fopenfile1
-fopenfile_seqall
string Features file name Any string  
"-graph" associated xygraph qualifiers
-gprompt boolean Graph prompting Boolean value Yes/No N
-gdesc string Graph description Any string  
-gtitle string Graph title Any string  
-gsubtitle string Graph subtitle Any string  
-gxtitle string Graph x axis title Any string  
-gytitle string Graph y axis title Any string  
-goutfile string Output file for non interactive displays Any string  
-gdirectory string Output directory Any string  
"-outfile" associated outfile qualifiers
-odirectory string Output directory Any string  
General qualifiers
-auto boolean Turn off prompts Boolean value Yes/No N
-stdout boolean Write first file to standard output Boolean value Yes/No N
-filter boolean Read first file from standard input, write first file to standard output Boolean value Yes/No N
-options boolean Prompt for standard and additional values Boolean value Yes/No N
-debug boolean Write debug output to program.dbg Boolean value Yes/No N
-verbose boolean Report some/full command line options Boolean value Yes/No Y
-help boolean Report command line options and exit. More information on associated and general qualifiers can be found with -help -verbose Boolean value Yes/No N
-warning boolean Report warnings Boolean value Yes/No Y
-error boolean Report errors Boolean value Yes/No Y
-fatal boolean Report fatal errors Boolean value Yes/No Y
-die boolean Report dying program messages Boolean value Yes/No Y
-version boolean Report version number and exit Boolean value Yes/No N

Input file format

charge reads in a protein sequence.

Input files for usage example

'tsw:hbb_human' is a sequence entry in the example protein database 'tsw'

Database entry: tsw:hbb_human

ID   HBB_HUMAN               Reviewed;         147 AA.
AC   P68871; A4GX73; B2ZUE0; P02023; Q13852; Q14481; Q14510; Q45KT0;
AC   Q549N7; Q6FI08; Q6R7N2; Q8IZI1; Q9BX96; Q9UCD6; Q9UCP8; Q9UCP9;
DT   21-JUL-1986, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
DT   23-JAN-2007, sequence version 2.
DT   16-JUN-2009, entry version 76.
DE   RecName: Full=Hemoglobin subunit beta;
DE   AltName: Full=Hemoglobin beta chain;
DE   AltName: Full=Beta-globin;
DE   Contains:
DE     RecName: Full=LVV-hemorphin-7;
GN   Name=HBB;
OS   Homo sapiens (Human).
OC   Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi;
OC   Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini;
OC   Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=9606;
RN   [1]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
RX   MEDLINE=77126403; PubMed=1019344;
RA   Marotta C., Forget B., Cohen-Solal M., Weissman S.M.;
RT   "Nucleotide sequence analysis of coding and noncoding regions of human
RT   beta-globin mRNA.";
RL   Prog. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol. 19:165-175(1976).
RN   [2]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
RX   MEDLINE=81064667; PubMed=6254664; DOI=10.1016/0092-8674(80)90428-6;
RA   Lawn R.M., Efstratiadis A., O'Connell C., Maniatis T.;
RT   "The nucleotide sequence of the human beta-globin gene.";
RL   Cell 21:647-651(1980).
RN   [3]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], AND VARIANT LYS-7.
RX   PubMed=16175509; DOI=10.1086/491748;
RA   Wood E.T., Stover D.A., Slatkin M., Nachman M.W., Hammer M.F.;
RT   "The beta-globin recombinational hotspot reduces the effects of strong
RT   selection around HbC, a recently arisen mutation providing resistance
RT   to malaria.";
RL   Am. J. Hum. Genet. 77:637-642(2005).
RN   [4]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
RA   Lu L., Hu Z.H., Du C.S., Fu Y.S.;
RT   "DNA sequence of the human beta-globin gene isolated from a healthy
RT   Chinese.";
RL   Submitted (JUN-1997) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
RN   [5]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], AND VARIANT ARG-113.
RA   Cabeda J.M., Correia C., Estevinho A., Cardoso C., Amorim M.L.,
RA   Cleto E., Vale L., Coimbra E., Pinho L., Justica B.;
RT   "Unexpected patterns of globin mutations in thalassemia patients from
RT   north of Portugal.";


  [Part of this file has been deleted for brevity]

FT   VARIANT     141    141       A -> V (in Puttelange; polycythemia; O(2)
FT                                affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003082.
FT   VARIANT     142    142       L -> R (in Olmsted; unstable).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003083.
FT   VARIANT     143    143       A -> D (in Ohio; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003084.
FT   VARIANT     144    144       H -> D (in Rancho Mirage).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003085.
FT   VARIANT     144    144       H -> P (in Syracuse; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003087.
FT   VARIANT     144    144       H -> Q (in Little Rock; O(2) affinity
FT                                up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003086.
FT   VARIANT     144    144       H -> R (in Abruzzo; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003088.
FT   VARIANT     145    145       K -> E (in Mito; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003089.
FT   VARIANT     146    146       Y -> C (in Rainier; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003090.
FT   VARIANT     146    146       Y -> H (in Bethesda; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003091.
FT   VARIANT     147    147       H -> D (in Hiroshima; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003092.
FT   VARIANT     147    147       H -> L (in Cowtown; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003093.
FT   VARIANT     147    147       H -> P (in York; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003094.
FT   VARIANT     147    147       H -> Q (in Kodaira; O(2) affinity up).
FT                                /FTId=VAR_003095.
FT   CONFLICT     26     26       Missing (in Ref. 15; ACD39349).
FT   CONFLICT     42     42       F -> L (in Ref. 13; AAR96398).
FT   HELIX         6     16
FT   TURN         21     23
FT   HELIX        24     35
FT   HELIX        37     42
FT   HELIX        44     46
FT   HELIX        52     57
FT   HELIX        59     77
FT   TURN         78     80
FT   HELIX        82     94
FT   TURN         95     97
FT   HELIX       102    119
FT   HELIX       120    122
FT   HELIX       125    142
FT   HELIX       144    146
SQ   SEQUENCE   147 AA;  15998 MW;  A31F6D621C6556A1 CRC64;
     MVHLTPEEKS AVTALWGKVN VDEVGGEALG RLLVVYPWTQ RFFESFGDLS TPDAVMGNPK
     VKAHGKKVLG AFSDGLAHLD NLKGTFATLS ELHCDKLHVD PENFRLLGNV LVCVLAHHFG
     KEFTPPVQAA YQKVVAGVAN ALAHKYH
//

Output file format

If the option '-plot' is specified then charge displays a graph of the charge along the sequence otherwise it writes out a file containing the charges within a window starting at each position along the sequence.

The output file contains two columns separated by space or TAB characters. The first column is the position of the start of the window. The second column is the charge of the amino acids within that window.

Output files for usage example

File: hbb_human.charge

CHARGE of HBB_HUMAN from 1 to 147: window 5

Position	Residue	Charge
1		M	0.100
2		V	0.100
3		H	-0.100
4		L	-0.400
5		T	-0.200
6		P	-0.200
7		E	-0.200
8		E	0.000
9		K	0.200
10		S	0.000
11		A	0.000
12		V	0.000
13		T	0.000
14		A	0.200
15		L	0.200
16		W	0.200
17		G	0.200
18		K	0.000
19		V	-0.400
20		N	-0.400
21		V	-0.400
22		D	-0.400
23		E	-0.400
24		V	-0.200
25		G	-0.200
26		G	-0.200
27		E	0.000
28		A	0.200
29		L	0.200
30		G	0.200
31		R	0.200
32		L	0.000
33		L	0.000
34		V	0.000
35		V	0.000
36		Y	0.000
37		P	0.200
38		W	0.200
39		T	0.200
40		Q	0.000
41		R	0.000
42		F	-0.200
43		F	-0.200
44		E	-0.400
45		S	-0.200
46		F	-0.200
47		G	-0.200


  [Part of this file has been deleted for brevity]

93		H	0.100
94		C	0.100
95		D	0.100
96		K	0.100
97		L	-0.100
98		H	-0.300
99		V	-0.400
100		D	-0.400
101		P	0.000
102		E	0.000
103		N	0.200
104		F	0.200
105		R	0.200
106		L	0.000
107		L	0.000
108		G	0.000
109		N	0.000
110		V	0.000
111		L	0.000
112		V	0.000
113		C	0.100
114		V	0.200
115		L	0.200
116		A	0.200
117		H	0.400
118		H	0.100
119		F	0.000
120		G	0.000
121		K	0.000
122		E	-0.200
123		F	0.000
124		T	0.000
125		P	0.000
126		P	0.000
127		V	0.000
128		Q	0.000
129		A	0.200
130		A	0.200
131		Y	0.200
132		Q	0.200
133		K	0.200
134		V	0.000
135		V	0.000
136		A	0.000
137		G	0.000
138		V	0.000
139		A	0.000
140		N	0.100
141		A	0.300
142		L	0.300
143		A	0.400

Data files

charge reads the data file 'Eamino.dat' to find the charge of the amino acids in the protein.

EMBOSS data files are distributed with the application and stored in the standard EMBOSS data directory, which is defined by the EMBOSS environment variable EMBOSS_DATA.

To see the available EMBOSS data files, run:

% embossdata -showall

To fetch one of the data files (for example 'Exxx.dat') into your current directory for you to inspect or modify, run:


% embossdata -fetch -file Exxx.dat

Users can provide their own data files in their own directories. Project specific files can be put in the current directory, or for tidier directory listings in a subdirectory called ".embossdata". Files for all EMBOSS runs can be put in the user's home directory, or again in a subdirectory called ".embossdata".

The directories are searched in the following order:

Notes

None.

References

None.

Warnings

None.

Diagnostic Error Messages

None.

Exit status

It always exits with status 0.

Known bugs

None.

See also

Program name Description
backtranambig Back-translate a protein sequence to ambiguous nucleotide sequence
backtranseq Back-translate a protein sequence to a nucleotide sequence
checktrans Reports STOP codons and ORF statistics of a protein
compseq Calculate the composition of unique words in sequences
emowse Search protein sequences by digest fragment molecular weight
freak Generate residue/base frequency table or plot
iep Calculate the isoelectric point of proteins
mwcontam Find weights common to multiple molecular weights files
mwfilter Filter noisy data from molecular weights file
octanol Draw a White-Wimley protein hydropathy plot
pepinfo Plot amino acid properties of a protein sequence in parallel
pepstats Calculates statistics of protein properties
pepwindow Draw a hydropathy plot for a protein sequence
pepwindowall Draw Kyte-Doolittle hydropathy plot for a protein alignment
wordcount Count and extract unique words in molecular sequence(s)

Author(s)

Alan Bleasby (ajb © ebi.ac.uk)
European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK

History

Written (March 2001) - Alan Bleasby.

Target users

This program is intended to be used by everyone and everything, from naive users to embedded scripts.

Comments

None