patmatdb

 

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Function

Search protein sequences with a sequence motif

Description

patmatdb searches the input protein sequences for the specified sequence motif. The output is a standard EMBOSS report file including the number of matches between the motif and each input sequence, length of match, start and end positions of match, and the motif-sequence alignment. Patterns for patmatdb are based on the format of pattern used in the PROSITE database, with the difference that the terminating dot '.' and the hyphens, '-', between the characters are optional.

Algorithm

Patterns for patmatdb are based on the format of pattern used in the PROSITE database, with the difference that the terminating dot '.' and the hyphens, '-', between the characters are optional. For example: [DE](2)HS{P}X(2)PX(2,4)C means two Asps or Glus in any order followed by His, Ser, any residue other then Pro, then two of any residue followed by Pro followed by two to four of any residue followed by Cys. The search is case-independent, so AAA matches aaa. (Any string of at least 2 characters).

Usage

Here is a sample session with patmatdb


% patmatdb 
Search protein sequences with a sequence motif
Input protein sequence(s): tsw:*
Protein motif to search for: st[ty]s
Output report [cru4_arath.patmatdb]: 

Go to the input files for this example
Go to the output files for this example

Command line arguments

Search protein sequences with a sequence motif
Version: EMBOSS:6.5.0.0

   Standard (Mandatory) qualifiers:
  [-sequence]          seqall     Protein sequence(s) filename and optional
                                  format, or reference (input USA)
  [-motif]             string     Patterns for patmatdb are based on the
                                  format of pattern used in the PROSITE
                                  database. For example:
                                  '[DE](2)HS{P}X(2)PX(2,4)C' means two Asps or
                                  Glus in any order followed by His, Ser, any
                                  residue other then Pro, then two of any
                                  residue followed by Pro followed by two to
                                  four of any residue followed by Cys. The
                                  search is case-independent, so 'AAA' matches
                                  'aaa'. (Any string of at least 2
                                  characters)
  [-outfile]           report     [*.patmatdb] Output report file name
                                  (default -rformat dbmotif)

   Additional (Optional) qualifiers: (none)
   Advanced (Unprompted) qualifiers: (none)
   Associated qualifiers:

   "-sequence" associated qualifiers
   -sbegin1            integer    Start of each sequence to be used
   -send1              integer    End of each sequence to be used
   -sreverse1          boolean    Reverse (if DNA)
   -sask1              boolean    Ask for begin/end/reverse
   -snucleotide1       boolean    Sequence is nucleotide
   -sprotein1          boolean    Sequence is protein
   -slower1            boolean    Make lower case
   -supper1            boolean    Make upper case
   -scircular1         boolean    Sequence is circular
   -sformat1           string     Input sequence format
   -iquery1            string     Input query fields or ID list
   -ioffset1           integer    Input start position offset
   -sdbname1           string     Database name
   -sid1               string     Entryname
   -ufo1               string     UFO features
   -fformat1           string     Features format
   -fopenfile1         string     Features file name

   "-outfile" associated qualifiers
   -rformat3           string     Report format
   -rname3             string     Base file name
   -rextension3        string     File name extension
   -rdirectory3        string     Output directory
   -raccshow3          boolean    Show accession number in the report
   -rdesshow3          boolean    Show description in the report
   -rscoreshow3        boolean    Show the score in the report
   -rstrandshow3       boolean    Show the nucleotide strand in the report
   -rusashow3          boolean    Show the full USA in the report
   -rmaxall3           integer    Maximum total hits to report
   -rmaxseq3           integer    Maximum hits to report for one sequence

   General qualifiers:
   -auto               boolean    Turn off prompts
   -stdout             boolean    Write first file to standard output
   -filter             boolean    Read first file from standard input, write
                                  first file to standard output
   -options            boolean    Prompt for standard and additional values
   -debug              boolean    Write debug output to program.dbg
   -verbose            boolean    Report some/full command line options
   -help               boolean    Report command line options and exit. More
                                  information on associated and general
                                  qualifiers can be found with -help -verbose
   -warning            boolean    Report warnings
   -error              boolean    Report errors
   -fatal              boolean    Report fatal errors
   -die                boolean    Report dying program messages
   -version            boolean    Report version number and exit

Qualifier Type Description Allowed values Default
Standard (Mandatory) qualifiers
[-sequence]
(Parameter 1)
seqall Protein sequence(s) filename and optional format, or reference (input USA) Readable sequence(s) Required
[-motif]
(Parameter 2)
string Patterns for patmatdb are based on the format of pattern used in the PROSITE database. For example: '[DE](2)HS{P}X(2)PX(2,4)C' means two Asps or Glus in any order followed by His, Ser, any residue other then Pro, then two of any residue followed by Pro followed by two to four of any residue followed by Cys. The search is case-independent, so 'AAA' matches 'aaa'. Any string of at least 2 characters Required
[-outfile]
(Parameter 3)
report Output report file name (default -rformat dbmotif) <*>.patmatdb
Additional (Optional) qualifiers
(none)
Advanced (Unprompted) qualifiers
(none)
Associated qualifiers
"-sequence" associated seqall qualifiers
-sbegin1
-sbegin_sequence
integer Start of each sequence to be used Any integer value 0
-send1
-send_sequence
integer End of each sequence to be used Any integer value 0
-sreverse1
-sreverse_sequence
boolean Reverse (if DNA) Boolean value Yes/No N
-sask1
-sask_sequence
boolean Ask for begin/end/reverse Boolean value Yes/No N
-snucleotide1
-snucleotide_sequence
boolean Sequence is nucleotide Boolean value Yes/No N
-sprotein1
-sprotein_sequence
boolean Sequence is protein Boolean value Yes/No N
-slower1
-slower_sequence
boolean Make lower case Boolean value Yes/No N
-supper1
-supper_sequence
boolean Make upper case Boolean value Yes/No N
-scircular1
-scircular_sequence
boolean Sequence is circular Boolean value Yes/No N
-sformat1
-sformat_sequence
string Input sequence format Any string  
-iquery1
-iquery_sequence
string Input query fields or ID list Any string  
-ioffset1
-ioffset_sequence
integer Input start position offset Any integer value 0
-sdbname1
-sdbname_sequence
string Database name Any string  
-sid1
-sid_sequence
string Entryname Any string  
-ufo1
-ufo_sequence
string UFO features Any string  
-fformat1
-fformat_sequence
string Features format Any string  
-fopenfile1
-fopenfile_sequence
string Features file name Any string  
"-outfile" associated report qualifiers
-rformat3
-rformat_outfile
string Report format Any string dbmotif
-rname3
-rname_outfile
string Base file name Any string  
-rextension3
-rextension_outfile
string File name extension Any string  
-rdirectory3
-rdirectory_outfile
string Output directory Any string  
-raccshow3
-raccshow_outfile
boolean Show accession number in the report Boolean value Yes/No N
-rdesshow3
-rdesshow_outfile
boolean Show description in the report Boolean value Yes/No N
-rscoreshow3
-rscoreshow_outfile
boolean Show the score in the report Boolean value Yes/No Y
-rstrandshow3
-rstrandshow_outfile
boolean Show the nucleotide strand in the report Boolean value Yes/No Y
-rusashow3
-rusashow_outfile
boolean Show the full USA in the report Boolean value Yes/No N
-rmaxall3
-rmaxall_outfile
integer Maximum total hits to report Any integer value 0
-rmaxseq3
-rmaxseq_outfile
integer Maximum hits to report for one sequence Any integer value 0
General qualifiers
-auto boolean Turn off prompts Boolean value Yes/No N
-stdout boolean Write first file to standard output Boolean value Yes/No N
-filter boolean Read first file from standard input, write first file to standard output Boolean value Yes/No N
-options boolean Prompt for standard and additional values Boolean value Yes/No N
-debug boolean Write debug output to program.dbg Boolean value Yes/No N
-verbose boolean Report some/full command line options Boolean value Yes/No Y
-help boolean Report command line options and exit. More information on associated and general qualifiers can be found with -help -verbose Boolean value Yes/No N
-warning boolean Report warnings Boolean value Yes/No Y
-error boolean Report errors Boolean value Yes/No Y
-fatal boolean Report fatal errors Boolean value Yes/No Y
-die boolean Report dying program messages Boolean value Yes/No Y
-version boolean Report version number and exit Boolean value Yes/No N

Input file format

patmatdb reads in one or more protein sequences.

The input is a standard EMBOSS sequence query (also known as a 'USA').

Major sequence database sources defined as standard in EMBOSS installations include srs:embl, srs:uniprot and ensembl

Data can also be read from sequence output in any supported format written by an EMBOSS or third-party application.

The input format can be specified by using the command-line qualifier -sformat xxx, where 'xxx' is replaced by the name of the required format. The available format names are: gff (gff3), gff2, embl (em), genbank (gb, refseq), ddbj, refseqp, pir (nbrf), swissprot (swiss, sw), dasgff and debug.

See: http://emboss.sf.net/docs/themes/SequenceFormats.html for further information on sequence formats.

Input files for usage example

'tsw:*' is a sequence entry in the example protein database 'tsw'

Pattern specification

Patterns for patmatdb are based on the format of pattern used in the PROSITE database, with the difference that the terminating dot '.' and the hyphens, '-', between the characters are optional.

The PROSITE pattern definition from the PROSITE documentation follows.

For example, in SWISSPROT entry 100K_RAT you can look for the pattern:

[DE](2)HS{P}X(2)PX(2,4)C

This means: Two Asps or Glus in any order followed by His, Ser, any residue other then Pro, then two of any residue followed by Pro followed by two to four of any residue followed by Cys.

The search is case-independent, so 'AAA' matches 'aaa'.

Output file format

The output is a standard EMBOSS report file.

The results can be output in one of several styles by using the command-line qualifier -rformat xxx, where 'xxx' is replaced by the name of the required format. The available format names are: embl, genbank, gff, pir, swiss, dasgff, debug, listfile, dbmotif, diffseq, draw, restrict, excel, feattable, motif, nametable, regions, seqtable, simple, srs, table, tagseq.

See: http://emboss.sf.net/docs/themes/ReportFormats.html for further information on report formats.

By default the output is in 'dbmotif' format.

Output files for usage example

File: cru4_arath.patmatdb

########################################
# Program: patmatdb
# Rundate: Sun 15 Jul 2012 12:00:00
# Commandline: patmatdb
#    -sequence "tsw:*"
#    -motif "st[ty]s"
# Report_format: dbmotif
# Report_file: cru4_arath.patmatdb
########################################

#=======================================
#
# Sequence: GCN4_YEAST     from: 1   to: 281
# HitCount: 1
#
# Motif: ST[TY]S
#
#=======================================

Length = 4
Start = position 158 of sequence
End = position 161 of sequence


SNLEVSTTSFLPTP
     |  |
   158  161


#---------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------
#=======================================
#
# Sequence: HD_TAKRU     from: 1   to: 3148
# HitCount: 1
#
# Motif: ST[TY]S
#
#=======================================

Length = 4
Start = position 1038 of sequence
End = position 1041 of sequence


STPASSTTSSAVDP
     |  |
  1038  1041


#---------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------
#=======================================
#
# Sequence: PAXI_HUMAN     from: 1   to: 591
# HitCount: 1
#
# Motif: ST[TY]S
#
#=======================================

Length = 4
Start = position 13 of sequence
End = position 16 of sequence


LADLESTTSHISKR
     |  |
    13  16


#---------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------

#---------------------------------------
# Total_sequences: 100
# Total_length: 37225
# Reported_sequences: 3
# Reported_hitcount: 3
#---------------------------------------

Data files

None.

Notes

None.

References

  1. Bairoch, A., Bucher P. (1994) PROSITE: recent developments. Nucleic Acids Research, Vol 22, No.17 3583-3589.
  2. Bairoch, A., (1992) PROSITE: a dictionary of sites and patterns in proteins. Nucleic Acids Research, Vol 20, Supplement, 2013-2018.
  3. Peek, J., O'Reilly, T., Loukides, M., (1997) Unix Power Tools, 2nd Edition.
  4. Gusfield, D., (1997) Algorithms on strings, Trees and Sequences.
  5. Sedgewick, R,. (1990) Algorithms in C.

Warnings

None.

Diagnostic Error Messages

None.

Exit status

It always exits with status 0

Known bugs

None.

See also

Program name Description
antigenic Find antigenic sites in proteins
epestfind Find PEST motifs as potential proteolytic cleavage sites
fuzzpro Search for patterns in protein sequences
fuzztran Search for patterns in protein sequences (translated)
patmatmotifs Scan a protein sequence with motifs from the PROSITE database
preg Regular expression search of protein sequence(s)
pscan Scan protein sequence(s) with fingerprints from the PRINTS database
sigcleave Report on signal cleavage sites in a protein sequence

Author(s)

Sinead O'Leary formerly at:
HGMP-RC, Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SB, UK

Please report all bugs to the EMBOSS bug team (emboss-bug © emboss.open-bio.org) not to the original author.

History

Completed April 30 1999.

Target users

This program is intended to be used by everyone and everything, from naive users to embedded scripts.

Comments

None